Megapolis – Heat And Pollution Island

is a Russian Federation Megagrant granted to Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, to perform new interdisciplinary research for the integrated assessment and analysis of the pollutants spreading in urban areas under the world-famous expert’s leadership air quality - Acad. Markku Kulmala (Helsinki University).

Megapolis -- Heat And Pollution Island


Academician Markku Kulmala, Institute of Atmospheric and Earth System Research, University of Helsinki, Finland, received a MegaGrant from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation. Academician Kulmala will be the Leading Scientist of the project «Megapolis - heat and pollution island: interdisciplinary hydroclimatic, geochemical and ecological analysis». The rapid, large-scale urbanization and industrialization of Russia and particularly in Moscow has worsened air quality dramatically during the last decades due to increased emissions from industrial activities, energy production, and traffic.

Highly non-linear processes involving radiative transfer, boundary layer development, atmospheric chemistry, and aerosol dynamics create an urban pollution cocktail and generate secondary atmospheric pollutants, including ultrafine particles, fine particulate matter, and ozone (Guo et al., 2014; Huang et al., 2014; Kulmala et al., 2015; Li et al., 2017; Kulmala et al., 2017). Among the multiple environmental and economic consequences of these pollutants, their adverse effects on human health are of Russia’s most significant concern (Burnett et al., 2018; Hu et al., 2017; Lelieveld et al., 2015).

Main project goal is to develop novel approach of integrated hydrometeorological, geochemical and environmental analyses of megacities to provide state-of-the-art observation and modeling of urban air-soil-water exchanges. This will be done by establishing a new laboratory for studying physical and chemical processes in the atmosphere, boundary layers, soils, and surface water and their comprehensive impact on megacities' health from observations via modeling towards advanced diagnostics and forecast. Laboratory of Urban Environment and Climate - a new interdisciplinary scientific unit - has been established at Moscow State University.

International collaboration

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Helsinki University

Pan-Eurasian Experiment